One of the most exceptional parts of Ancient Greek culture is the wealth of knowledge that we have inherited concerning the inner workings of its society. Thanks to the longevity of Ancient Greek creations, archaeologists have been able to dig up artifacts that provide an insight into nearly anything we could want to know about the time period – and thanks to the influence its societal institutions and foundational texts have had on Western society, many of its philosophical, historical, and self-descriptive texts have been passed down largely intact to modern times. Because of this, we happen to know a great deal about the role of scholars in Ancient Greek society. Education was valued highly, especially among the upper classes. Even apart from famous institutions and scholars, such as Plato and his Academy, regular Greek citizens who could afford it were trained in reading, arithmetic, and art at home by private tutors. The value Athenians placed on education meant that traveling tutors such as Zeno of Elea (famous for his Paradoxes) could gain great repute and renown for their instruction. Most of the subjects the Ancient Greeks studied with their tutors and at their secondary institutions are the same subjects students focus on today: writing, astronomy, biology, chemistry, and others.